Objectives: The aim of the present study is to analyze the impact of homophobic prejudice on clinical formulation, and its influence on diagnosis and assessment of severity and prognosis of a fictitious patient.
Methods: We recruited a sample of 152 heterosexual male psychotherapists (psychologists or psychiatrists) (Mean age = 46.04; SD = ±11.26; range: 29–71), through an online survey which was advertised by contacting the boards of psychologists and psychiatrists throughout the country. Participants were asked to read a fictitious clinical vignette and formulate an impression of the patient. We used a 2 (Sexual Orientation of the Client: heterosexual vs. homosexual) × 2 (Diagnosis: difficulties in controlling sexual urges vs. anger). Participants were randomly exposed to one of four experimental conditions, thus they read about a heterosexual (vs. homosexual) patient with difficulties in controlling rage (vs. sexual urges). The two diagnostic profiles were considered as stereotypical of heterosexuals and homosexuals respectively (Boysen et al., 2006). After reading the vignette, participants were asked to rate the patient’s: – Psychopathological severity; – Amenability to psychotherapy; – Level of functioning using the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF).
Results: Results showed that stereotypes influence clinical practice, most of all in prognosis: in particular (a) therapists believe that homosexual patients can benefit less from psychotherapy when their disorder is stereotypical of their sexual orientation, and that (b) the patient’s sexual orientation has more impact on diagnosis when his disorder is stereotypical of the sexual orientation, both in homosexual and heterosexual patients.
Conclusions: Our results show that psychotherapists can be biased by prejudice against homosexuals and therefore, specific training should be offered.
The concept of gender dysphoria is a subject of intense controversy and debate. Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess demographic and clinical characteristics, comorbid disorders and sexual behavior of 84 gender dysphoric (gender identity disorder) persons, diagnosed according to DSM-5 and divided into 54 female-to-male (FTM) and 30 male-tofemale (MTF).
Objective: Through this research on the sexual life of wrinkly and elderly women in China, we hope to understand the status of sexual health of the aged Chinese women.
Introduction and objectives: Homosexuality has been considered a mental health disorder and this pathological view was challenged four decades ago culminating in diagnostic systems (the ICD and DSM) regarding it as an alternative lifestyle rather than a pathological state. Homosexual individuals are prone to psychological distress, which may manifest as depression and suicidal ideation. This has been attributed to the lingering discrimination homosexual individuals are exposed to. There is a dearth of information in Nigeria with regards to this topic and this work is an attempt to fill this gap. The objectives of this study were to determine and compare the prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation in homosexual students and heterosexual controls in a Nigerian university.
An audit of Western Australian universities found pre-service teachers have limited opportunity to study health-related courses (termed units in Australia), and when they are offered there is often little focus on Sexuality and Relationships Education (SRE). Curtin University has recently established an undergraduate course for Bachelor of Education students, which focuses solely on the delivery of evidence-based SRE.
Mandatory sexual education in Mexican elementary schools still faces parents’ opposition under the arguments that their children are not old enough to be exposed to the subject. Through their own children’s drawings, this research proved to parents that their children had already been exposed to great extent of sexual information that needs scientific and correct guidance. The main objective of this exploratory study was to assess, through children’s drawings, their views about pregnancy at an early age and use the results to promote, among the parents, the acceptance of sexual education programs at the schools.
With the development of internet, cell phones and SNS, the new media has provided a huge opportunity for China to carry out sexual health education activities. We hope to use all these new media to promote Chinese sexual health.
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent