The mean age of the study group was 56,1 years, and the mean duration of diabetes was 5,7 years. Measurements used were Self-Care Inventory Revised (SCI-R), Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (B-IPQ), NEO Personality Inventory-Revised (NEO PI-R), Self-Efficacy for Diabetes, and Social Support Questionnaire 6 (SSQ-6). Significant predictors of treatment adherence were subscale emotional representation of illness perception, Openness to Action facet, and self-efficacy. Social support had no correlation with treatment adherence.
Three main cause perceived by respondents are bad eating habit, genetic, and bad lifestyle (including lack of sleep and exercise). These factors are potentially modifiable and are logical targets for cognitive and emotional intervention to improve diabetes self-management.