Since the 1970s, various scientists and practitioners have contributed to the development of specified approaches in constellation work. However, in research and practice, constellation work in African contexts has hardly been recognised until now. The main aim of this research is to explore constellation work in South African contexts and thereby contribute to a deeper understanding of constellation work in this culture-specific context. The study uses an empirical in-depth qualitative research approach within the phenomenological paradigm.
Methods used are qualitative semi-structured interviews, observation in family constellation workshops, field notes and researcher’s diary. Findings provide insights into principles of constellation work in South Africa, theoretical approaches to constellation work, explanations of the knowing field phenomenon the interrelationship of constellation work and shamanism, as well as the impact of cultural belonging and culture-specific topics in constellation work in South African contexts. Future directions for constellation work in South Africa will be provided and theoretical as well as practical recommendations for scientists and practitioners in African contexts and beyond will be given.
Nkangala is the Chichewa word for mouth-bough or musical bow. This instrument is played by women in Malawi, south-east Africa. During a field research trip in July 2013, Christine Korischek, was able to get some basic instructions on how to play the Nkangala with two women, Cecilia and Elena Gatchepa, in southern Malawi. The personal experience of playing this instrument and the information given by her two teachers are the source of this attempt at exploring the psychotherapeutic effects that are operant when playing the musical bow. In the first part of the talk the Nkangala will be introduced. Brief information on the history of the mouth bow in southern Malawi, as well as how it is made and played will be given. The main part of the talk includes descriptions of experiences when playing the Nkangala and an attempt at investigating on the psychotherapeutic effects. Since the sound projected out is low, the mouth bow is usually played in solitude and not for a large audience.
This study investigates the impact of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy - Impact on Depressed Outpatients of State Hospital Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. The sample comprised of 32 men and women 18 years and above. The instrument used for screening was Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS) while Beck Depression Inventory -II (BDI-II) was used for data collection. The research design adopted for this study was Pre Post Experimental Design. Four research hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was the statistical tool employed for processing the data collected.
Internationally, Dialectical Behavioural Therapy is a well-established treatment modality for Borderline Personality Disorder and other affect deregulated disorders. However, it is very labour intensive, and is a huge demand on resources. Ward 4&5, the specialist psychotherapy unit at Tara hospital in Johannesburg offers a DBT based in-patient programme for patients who struggle with various personality disorders as well as mood and anxiety disorders.
Eating Disorders are often misunderstood and rarely examined from a scientific viewpoint. This presentation explains the neurochemical, genetic and environmental etiology of eating disorders and the treatment implications. Participants will learn assessment tools, have a more complete understanding of these disorders and have proven methods to help their patients. There are neurochemical changes that occur in patients with eating disorders. Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa have different chemicals that promote the respective disorders. Studies are now showing that binge eating can alter brain functioning and promote addiction-like properties in response to some foods.
When Perls wrote "Ego, Hunger and Aggression" in the 1940's, after having sought refuge in South Africa, fleeing the Holocaust in Europe, the development of Professional Competencies for Psychotherapists was probably not first on his mind. Over the recent decade and since establishing laws regulating the psychotherapeutic profession in different countries, it has become increasingly important to develop our skills to a professional level. Now 70 years later and returning to Gestalt therapy's origins we would like to present the EAGT document about specific competencies of Gestalt therapists originating out of an initiative of EAP with the aim of establishing psychotherapeutic professional standards across Europe.
South Africa is losing a whole generation of South Africans because they are dying from the disease HIV/AIDS (George, 2011). According to Selman et al. (2011), in 2007 in South Africa there were 22.5 million people living with HIV, 1.6 million people died from AIDS in South Africa, and 1.7 million children and adults were newly diagnosed in South Africa with HIV. South Africa is not only facing the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic, but their adolescents are acting as heads of household and they are infected with HIV/AIDS and on hospice services. (Richter & Desmond, 2008).