The effect of playing is described by the two teachers as “cooling the heart’. They play in times when they are faced with problems or intense emotional distress, e.g. the loss of family members. Thus, from psychoanalytic perspective, playing the Nkangala could be understood to serve as a “transitional object” (Donald Winnicott).
Since playing the Nkangala is a physical experience and from the view point of libido economy, another attempt to investigate on the effects could be by means of describing it as an autoerotic gratification and a “regression in the service of the ego” (Ernst Kris). The therapeutic effect could be described as a cathartic way of balancing the libidinous flow. At the end of the presentation short video documents will be shown.
This study investigates the impact of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy - Impact on Depressed Outpatients of State Hospital Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. The sample comprised of 32 men and women 18 years and above. The instrument used for screening was Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS) while Beck Depression Inventory -II (BDI-II) was used for data collection. The research design adopted for this study was Pre Post Experimental Design. Four research hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was the statistical tool employed for processing the data collected.
Internationally, Dialectical Behavioural Therapy is a well-established treatment modality for Borderline Personality Disorder and other affect deregulated disorders. However, it is very labour intensive, and is a huge demand on resources. Ward 4&5, the specialist psychotherapy unit at Tara hospital in Johannesburg offers a DBT based in-patient programme for patients who struggle with various personality disorders as well as mood and anxiety disorders.
Eating Disorders are often misunderstood and rarely examined from a scientific viewpoint. This presentation explains the neurochemical, genetic and environmental etiology of eating disorders and the treatment implications. Participants will learn assessment tools, have a more complete understanding of these disorders and have proven methods to help their patients. There are neurochemical changes that occur in patients with eating disorders. Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa have different chemicals that promote the respective disorders. Studies are now showing that binge eating can alter brain functioning and promote addiction-like properties in response to some foods.
When Perls wrote "Ego, Hunger and Aggression" in the 1940's, after having sought refuge in South Africa, fleeing the Holocaust in Europe, the development of Professional Competencies for Psychotherapists was probably not first on his mind. Over the recent decade and since establishing laws regulating the psychotherapeutic profession in different countries, it has become increasingly important to develop our skills to a professional level. Now 70 years later and returning to Gestalt therapy's origins we would like to present the EAGT document about specific competencies of Gestalt therapists originating out of an initiative of EAP with the aim of establishing psychotherapeutic professional standards across Europe.
Two hundred teachers from two Federal Government owned secondary schools in Lagos State were pre-tested using the “Attitude towards Retirement lnventory "(ATRI) developed by the researcher. One hundred and twenty-five respondents scored negatively (i.e. below 100 points) on the ATRI. Out of this number, only ninety-five returned the "Workers Consent Form" (WCF). Fifty out of the 95 consenters were randomly selected to participate in the experiment. The 50 participants were then randomly assigned to two groups of 25 each; RT (Group A) and the Control Group (Group B).
There is no doubt that in the privacy of the therapeutic space we are confident in helping a person engage in the process of therapy. In the spoken language, words are fused together with gesture, facial expression, tone and posture. One has at hand various tools that can enable the therapeutic process, such as paints, toys, sand boxes, plasticine, paper and pens. There is a very real interaction between two people; an ability to be flexible and responsive to individual nuances as they arise. Reaching to someone beyond the therapeutic space using the written word challenges one to find other ways of engaging.