It was found that a range of Neurotransmitters underlie in the brain malfunctioning in patients with ADD/ADHD (Blum et al., 2008). The Neurotransmitter pathways, including Dopamine & Noradrenaline, Serotonin, and Glutamate & GABA will be discussed in the presentation. Genes related to each of these pathways will be briefly outlined. Hormones, including Insulin, Adrenaline and Progesterone may also underlie in the mechanism of the chemical balance and behaviour in patients with ADD/ADHD. The hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal axis in patients with ADD/ADHD will be discussed in relation to the prevalence towards stress. Each mechanism and theory will be accompanied with case studies. Psycho-Nutritional therapy including bio identical hormones targeting each mechanism is also suggested.
The study purpose was to evaluate the effectiveness of solution-focused brief group therapy based on the clients’ feedback about the process. The evaluation was to ensure that from the client’s perspective they were experiencing quality and effective service (Sharry, 2007). The research samples were from 30 undergraduate students of Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia of the 5th semester chosen by simple random sampling technique. They received 5 sessions of group therapy including termination and follow-up session. The data collection used the instrument adapted from Duncan and Miller’s (2000) (Sharry, 2007) supported by observation and interview.
Beginning in 1940, members of the US-American psychoanalytic community began to collaborate with the US-Intelligence Community (IC). Early activities (1940-1945) focused on the immediate threat of Nazi Germany, fascist Italy, and their imperial Japanese ally and included studies on a variety of anti-axis propaganda issues, e.g., home front radio broadcasts, analysis of enemy broadcasts, studies on domestic morale, analysis of enemy national character etc. Moreover, psychoanalysts used clinical data retained from ongoing analyses to be used by the IC in search of certain patterns of totalitarian attitudes in patients which might be counteracted by psychoanalysis or by psychoanalytically informed propaganda programs.
Relationship issues affect everyone. Much research has been carried out to resolve them through the engagements of various therapy and counselling techniques. Nonetheless, before the advent of counselling and psychotherapy protocols, those with relationship issues had sought the advice and guidance from some respected members of the families, village chiefs, temple and church elders or even those with shamanic practices. Today there are trends towards “spiritual” solutions to heal and repair those relationship issues. The presenter through his personal experience in this topic had found that one aspect of meditation - guided meditation could prove to be more useful than general or even mindfulness meditation modalities. The presenter, who is presently engaged in providing counselling for those incarcerated, had found that the practise of “guided meditation” not only relaxes the clients but could be used to transform their views (attitudes) and meaning of their own journey in life also. “Guided meditation” evokes the meditators’ visual, audio and kinetic faculties.
Informed by hermeneutic philosophical traditions, this will be a presentation of a brief art psychotherapy intervention from a phenomenological perspective. The idea of “meaning-making” is constructed from a phenomenological interpretation of art making, revealing psychological life as defined by Jung to be “the totality of all psychic processes, conscious as well as unconscious”.
Exploring into local collectivist Malays culture led the researchers to construct the Family Therapeutic Alliance (FTA) which is an invaluable therapeutic source of authority applicable as the underlying element in multicultural psychotherapy. FTA was used in a longitudinal study of relapse prevention among the Malay collectivist recovering addicts and their family that has produced a positive outcome. Four recovering addicts and their families were invited to form four study groups with an initial goal of establishing FTA, and later on, to maintain their alliances. Eight sessions of Collective Family Therapy using a multicultural approach that adopt the basic element of psychotherapy and critical values of the clients was used as the treatment approach.
Embryo Donation (ED) is the donation by a couple who have surplus embryos following in vitro fertilisation to another infertile couple or person. This presentation, on counsellors’ experience in providing compulsory ED counselling, was part of a larger research investigation designed to explore how ED is understood and experienced by donors and recipients in Aotearoa New Zealand, a country with unique legislative and policy donation guidelines. The practice of ED counselling in Aotearoa New Zealand differs from other jurisdictions in that counsellors enact and facilitate the policy of ‘open’ donation in which donors and recipients meet and select each other for ED.
The literature is rich with studies addressing stress effects on In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) outcomes. Debate continues regarding whether there is a cause-and-effect relationship, or merely a correlation, between stress and IVF failure. While several studies have addressed coping mechanisms used by couples undergoing IVF, and some even investigated the effects of coping mechanisms used at three points within an IVF cycle, the author found no study that presented a programme for women to deal with stress before, during and after IVF cycles.
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent