Africa and her people are going through a transformation process on several levels and on different dimensions. After the wave of decolonisation and apartheid, people experienced freedom, busy with a new identity and were forced to rethink their culture and beliefs. In this regard, education, Westernisation and the period of industrial colonisation influence, sometimes forced people to an identity crisis. Some people from Africa responded with a split ego, between individualistic and collectivistic, and other with a mismatch syndrome or total resistance. Ubuntu therapy, as a healing model, based on the values of Ubuntu from Africa, wants to facilitate balance or homeostasis in individuals, families and countries. This presentation focuses on the content of Ubuntu therapy, with a relevant case study to apply it in modern Africa for peace in the mind and hearts of people.
Relationship issues affect everyone. Much research has been carried out to resolve them through the engagements of various therapy and counselling techniques. Nonetheless, before the advent of counselling and psychotherapy protocols, those with relationship issues had sought the advice and guidance from some respected members of the families, village chiefs, temple and church elders or even those with shamanic practices. Today there are trends towards “spiritual” solutions to heal and repair those relationship issues. The presenter through his personal experience in this topic had found that one aspect of meditation - guided meditation could prove to be more useful than general or even mindfulness meditation modalities. The presenter, who is presently engaged in providing counselling for those incarcerated, had found that the practise of “guided meditation” not only relaxes the clients but could be used to transform their views (attitudes) and meaning of their own journey in life also. “Guided meditation” evokes the meditators’ visual, audio and kinetic faculties.
Informed by hermeneutic philosophical traditions, this will be a presentation of a brief art psychotherapy intervention from a phenomenological perspective. The idea of “meaning-making” is constructed from a phenomenological interpretation of art making, revealing psychological life as defined by Jung to be “the totality of all psychic processes, conscious as well as unconscious”.
Exploring into local collectivist Malays culture led the researchers to construct the Family Therapeutic Alliance (FTA) which is an invaluable therapeutic source of authority applicable as the underlying element in multicultural psychotherapy. FTA was used in a longitudinal study of relapse prevention among the Malay collectivist recovering addicts and their family that has produced a positive outcome. Four recovering addicts and their families were invited to form four study groups with an initial goal of establishing FTA, and later on, to maintain their alliances. Eight sessions of Collective Family Therapy using a multicultural approach that adopt the basic element of psychotherapy and critical values of the clients was used as the treatment approach.
Attention Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder (ADD/ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental psychological disorder. People with ADHD commonly display significant problems in executive functions. It has been suggested that underlying abnormalities in the brain contribute to ADHD (Amen, 2001). Seven types of ADD/ADHD were classified based on the symptoms and brain spectroscopy (SPECT) scans; different types of ADD/ADHD were attributed to different areas of brain atrophy and over-activation/inactivation. Several mechanisms and theories will be discussed: Neurotransmitters, Hormones, and Stress.
Embryo Donation (ED) is the donation by a couple who have surplus embryos following in vitro fertilisation to another infertile couple or person. This presentation, on counsellors’ experience in providing compulsory ED counselling, was part of a larger research investigation designed to explore how ED is understood and experienced by donors and recipients in Aotearoa New Zealand, a country with unique legislative and policy donation guidelines. The practice of ED counselling in Aotearoa New Zealand differs from other jurisdictions in that counsellors enact and facilitate the policy of ‘open’ donation in which donors and recipients meet and select each other for ED.
The literature is rich with studies addressing stress effects on In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) outcomes. Debate continues regarding whether there is a cause-and-effect relationship, or merely a correlation, between stress and IVF failure. While several studies have addressed coping mechanisms used by couples undergoing IVF, and some even investigated the effects of coping mechanisms used at three points within an IVF cycle, the author found no study that presented a programme for women to deal with stress before, during and after IVF cycles.
Psychoanalysis passed its heyday in the seventies and has been usurped by short term cognitive-behavioural therapies. Despite this trend, recently there has been a small growth of psychoanalytic psychotherapy in Aotearoa New Zealand. This presentation describes my experience of employing a psychoanalytic sensibility in teaching and supervising intern counselling psychologists in a cognitive-behaviourally dominated university system. Vignettes are used to illustrate where differences between the psychoanalytic and cognitive-behavioural worldviews arose in supervision and how I attempted to deal with them.